Return Challenges West Mosul Research Report - Human Appeal and UNHCR
A report published by Human Appeal International, commissioned by UNHCR, found that the people of Mosul will need support for some time to come.
'Rebuilding and restoring communities goes far beyond bricks and mortar, and what is needed is a comprehensive response to the Moslawis’ needs, from infrastructural to social. Leaving this vital job half done could abandon Iraqis to slip back into vulnerability and exacerbate social tensions, while compromising recovery and longer-term stability in Iraq. As the country transitions out of crisis, UNHCR and its partners such as Human Appeal are committed to standing by the people of Mosul every step of the way on the road to recovery.'
Some of the main findings were:
- The average household income is between IQD 150,000 to 200,000 (or USD $127 to $168), which is only 30% of the average Iraq income as of 2012.
- Households on average have 9.4 members who mostly rely on a single source of low income is telling of the extreme vulnerability of families in the studied areas.
- Only 10% of households explicitly mentioned they were not lacking income and/or having enough.
- The 90% of households that were lacking income were forced to resort to: borrowing money (58%); spending savings (25%); reducing spending on health (20%); reducing spending on food (18%); relying on support of family or friends (17%); selling items from damaged homes (9%); and collecting food/water/other items for disabled families (3.8%).
- Children are paying the highest price: in order to cope, families reduce spending on education (18%), send children to beg (9%) and force children to work (6%).
- 42% of households also have at least one child under 15 contributing to household income
- Food support remains the main need among people in all three areas. Families where the head of household are women listed food as a top priority, it is important to ensure these are specifically targeted for food assistance.
- Fuel/kerosene should also be considered for distribution, considering that it is the second most cited expenditure in a household
- Services such as health followed by water, electricity, and education need urgent rehabilitation in all three neighborhoods.
© Human Appeal 2015
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